Walter Bitner

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How Great is the Pleasure

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or, Love and Music

 

directing the Nashville School of the Arts Chamber Choir, May 13, 2013, Ingram Hall, Blair School of Music, Vanderbilt University, Nashville (click images to enlarge)

 

This lovely eighteenth century canon was a staple of my school choirs’ repertoires throughout my entire teaching career. I came across it in a songbook when I first started teaching at Blue Rock School in the early 1990s, and I believe I taught this to every choir I directed until I left teaching in 2014. I taught it to every age group: elementary, middle school, high school. Over the years, How Great is the Pleasure became a kind of unofficial choir theme song for my vocal ensembles, and although it was not something we often sang in performances (especially with older groups of children), we sang it on a regular basis, often as part of our warm up or to close a rehearsal. I never met a child who did not love to sing this song.

 

Linden Corner School choir students, 2005

How Great is the Pleasure performed by the Linden Corner School Chorus, Nashville, May 20, 2005. Like many of my elementary school choirs over the years, this was an unauditioned chorus consisting of every child in each grade level that participated in choir: in this case, every child in grades 4, 5, and 6. This performance came at the end of my first year teaching at Linden Corner, the first year that the school had a choir program. Although this performance is not as fine in terms of intonation, blend, and nuance as those achieved by auditioned or more experienced ensembles, I still found that this song drew a special kind of enthusiasm and engagement from the children. Many of these children, left to their own inclinations, would probably not have participated in choir.

 

In the songbook that I first encountered How Great is the Pleasure, the song was attributed to Henry Purcell (1659-1695) –  I have seen it so attributed in several sources over the years, both in print and on the internet. Purcell did write many canons – catch singing was a popular pastime in late seventeenth century, and Henry was an enthusiastic participant. He is credited with composing 53 catches, including this rambunctious one which was very popular with my students. But he did not write How Great is the Pleasure  – it was composed about eighty years later by an English doctor who was also an enthusiastic amateur composer.

Dr. Henry Harington (1727-1816), engraving by Charles Turner

Born in Somerset in 1727, Henry Harington studied medicine at Queen’s College, Oxford and became a physician, practiced first at Wells, then eventually settling in Bath in 1771. While he was at Oxford he sang and played he flute, and was a member of William Hayes’ “Club of Gentlemen Musicians”. Clearly Dr. Harington’s enthusiasm for music-making continued even as he developed his medical practice and his social standing within the community (he eventually became mayor of Bath) because beginning around 1780, he published several collections of popular songs. In all he is credited with composing at least 76 glees, catches, trios, songs, and duets. How Great is the Pleasure is to be found in the first volume, A Favorite Collection of Songs, Glees, Elegies and Canons.

 

title page of A Favorite Collection of Songs, Glees, Elegies and Canons, c 1780

 

How great is the pleasure,
how sweet the delight,
when soft Love and Music
together unite.

How great is the pleasure,
how sweet the delight,
when Love, soft Love,
and music unite.

Sweet, sweet,
how sweet the delight,
when Harmony, sweet Harmony,
and Love do unite.

 

 

The canon I learned as How Great is the Pleasure was actually titled Love and Music, A Favorite Catch for 3 Voices in Dr. Harington’s original. It was printed in two versions on the same page: one for voices in the Key of A, and one “For Three German Flutes of Guitars” in C:

 

Love and Music from A Favorite Collection of Songs, Glees, Elegies and Canons by Dr. Harington, c 1780

 

I first encountered this song in the key of A (the original), but pitch standards were lower in the eighteenth century. When I first began to teach this to children, my school choir began at third grade. At modern pitch I found this key (which drove the melody up to an F# on the top line of the treble clef staff) to be a bit too high for some students, so I put it down a step to G, and that was the key we sang it in thereafter. The text we learned was identical to the original with one exception: in the version we learned, the word kind was used instead of the word soft.

Nashville School of the Arts choir students relax in rehearsal, 2013

When I first sang this song with students at Blue Rock School, I did not have access to a piano for my music classes, so I accompanied the students on guitar, if at all. (It’s a simple enough chart in G – just three chords to learn!) Over the years we sang and played it in many versions, with piano or guitar accompaniment or just a cappella. In some classes, when I had student instrumentalists too, we would work up impromptu arrangements for string instruments or recorders – usually these students just playing the canon along with the singers.

My usual – and favorite – way to sing it was to have the entire group sing the canon once through in unison, then, divided into three parts, each section entering until everyone was singing. Often I accompanied this canon on piano, and would stop playing for the penultimate strain – the choir singing the three parts in harmony a cappella – then return to the piano accompaniment for the final strain, ending the canon with a full-voiced fermata on the final half note with all three parts together.

 

How Great is the Pleasure in G – click to enlarge

 

How Great is the Pleasure PDF (free to download and print)

 

At Nashville School of the Arts, this song was the first I taught to each new class in the choir program. I began each year with an in-depth review of solfège for every choir, and How Great is the Pleasure was the first piece that students learned to mark and sing on solfège syllables, as illustrated here .

My most touching memory of singing this song was with the combined choirs of NSA, before our performance of seven choruses from Mozart’s Requiem with Music City Youth Orchestra on May 1, 2012. Over a hundred high school choristers in formal dress gathered shortly before we went onstage in a cavernous space backstage at the Tennessee Performing Arts Center. It was a large enough room that we could stand in a circle, and after an initial warm up and a pep talk I divided the group into three parts silently with gestures, and we sang our choir theme song. Truly, how great is the pleasure. I saw looks of wonder on the faces of the parent chaperones who were in the room with us as we sang, and my eyes stung. Beautiful sweet clear voices rose in simple pure harmonies that filled the room and the excitement and immersion of the choir in our experience of being together in that moment was, for me, unforgettable.

It’s a common practice for choir directors to program songs in praise of music itself – it’s a time-honored aspect of “choir culture”. There is something special about the emotion we feel when singing these pieces, songs that acknowledge directly how precious this experience is, texts that allow the choir and those listening to reflect on music-making while we are doing itHow Great is the Pleasure was not the only piece like this that I programmed with my ensembles – notable paeans to music we sang included Händel’s beautiful aria Art Thou Troubled? and O Music, Sweet Music, (also a canon) by Lowell Mason, who is sometimes referred to as the father of American music education. Both of these pieces are fine examples and were beloved by my choirs, but neither had the broad appeal and flexibility that allowed me to bring How Great is the Pleasure to all of my choirs, regardless of age or ability level.

This article appeared in the January/February 2019 issue of Choral Director Magazine.

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Related articles:

Sumer Is Icumen In

Fie, Nay, Prithee John

The Joy of Solfège

In Dulci Jubilo

Personent Hodie

The Boar’s Head Carol


3 Comments

  1. Margie Way-Kiani says:

    I guess I would be singing in this recording? I will always remember and love this song ❤️

  2. walterbitner says:

    oh yes, you’re there loud and clear 🙂

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